Deforestation: removal or destruction of forested areas. Examples include cutting or burning to provide land for agricultural purposes, residential or industrial building sites, roads etc., or harvesting the trees for building materials or fuel.
Designated National Authority (DNA): An office, ministry, or other official entity appointed by a Party to the Kyoto Protocol to review and give national approval to projects proposed under the Clean Development Mechanism.
Differentiation: Differing national circumstances that might require differing emission reduction obligations in the Kyoto Protocol,
Discrete Emission Reduction Credits: DERs, DERCs, or open market credits, are reductions in emissions that occur over a specified time period and do not continue on into the future. Generally, unlike ERCs, DERs are not evaluated and verified by the relevant local or state government air agency. Mass-based ERCs are one type of DER.